South America has an area of 17,840,000 square kilometers (6,890,000 sq mi).

Its population as of 2005 has been estimated at more than 371,090,000.

South America is home to many interesting and unique species of animals including the llama, anacondapiranhajaguarvicuña and tapir.

South America is home to the world's highest uninterrupted waterfallAngel Falls in Venezuela; the highest single drop waterfall Kaieteur Falls in Guyana; the largest river (by volume), the Amazon River; the longest mountain range, the Andes (whose highest mountain is Aconcagua at 6,962 m [22,841 ft]); the driest non-polar place on earth, the Atacama Desert; the largest rainforest, the Amazon Rainforest; the highest capital city, La Paz, Bolivia; the highest commercially navigable lake in the world, Lake Titicaca; and, excluding research stations in Antarctica, the world's southernmost permanently inhabited community, Puerto Toro, Chile.